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Augustus, Caesar

Roman emperor; d. AD 14; also known as "Octavian." Born Gaius Octavius Thurinus in 63 BC, Caesar Augustus preserved the outward forms of the Roman republic even as he ruled as emperor for nearly four decades. His mother was the niece of Julius Caesar; in 46 BC, Julius adopted Octavian as his son and heir. After Julius's assassination, Octavian formed an alliance with Julius's two primary rivals (known as "the Second Triumvirate"), and, after then defeating both, knowing that Rome was not yet ready to accept an emperor, Octavian held an election. The people elected Octavian "consul," the highest executive office in the republic. In 27 BC, when Octavian offered to relinquish his power, the senate not only turned down his offer but also gave him additional power and granted him the title "Augustus." By 23 BC, Augustus was emperor ("Caesar") of the Roman territories; his reign marked the beginning of nearly fifty years of civil peace and prosperity, commonly known as the pax Romana ("Roman peace"). Jesus Christ was born during this era, and the speed with which Christianity spread throughout the ancient world may be partly attributed to the roads and shipping routes associated with Caesar Augustus.



Printed with permission from Bethany House Publishers, South Bloomington, Minnesota from the book "The Da Vinci Codebreaker : an easy-to-use fact checker for truth seekers" by James L. Garlow.
 

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